The educational program was designed based on materials developed by the National Space and Aeronautics and Space Administration, National Oceanographic Atmospheric Administration, Environmental Protection Agency, Small Business Administration, and the United States Geological Service. In addition, the Federation has combined efforts with the Association of Lunar and Planetary Observers youth educational program. Galaxy Explorers is also producing videos to train volunteers. Many other updates are ongoing to enhance and expand our educational materials.

Materials are designed for the following grades:

Material is also divided into five primary themes:

The five primary themes are taught through instruction and "hands-on" activities designed for each age group. Secondary themes are taught while presenting the primary course of instruction and include leadership skills (innovation, responsibility, inspiring people, communication) and organizational skills (task organizing, goal setting, teamwork, leveraging technology). One workbook will be developed for each of the three classes. The workbooks contain the material covered at meetings and additional information and suggestions for activities for Federation members interested in a specific area.

A Galaxy Explorer, 2nd class may conduct additional projects to earn an officer designation. Officer designations include Earth Science, Space Science, Engineering, Launch, and Space Citizenship.

Each Galaxy Explorer receives medals or awards for successful completion of the exercises in each of the five primary themes. Typically, an Explorer will earn five medals in the course of a year. More awards or medals ail be given for completing additional projects. Awards are an integral part of the Galaxy Explorers educational program providing children self-esteem through achievement and recognition.